West Side Of The Ancient Athens Agora

The first building we meet, to the left at the bottom of the steps, is the raised floor of the Tholos. In the 6th century a rectangular edifice with an internal colonnaded courtyard was built on this site and used as a refectory by the assembly members. It was called the Prytaniko to distinguish it from the initial Prytaneion which must have been still in use when the old agora was situated on the slope of the Acropolis. The Prytaniko was destroyed during the Persian wars and replaced by the Tholos, which then became the official Prytaneion. This circular structure was absolutely dependent on the adjacent Bouleuterion, the seat of the Assembly of the Five Hundred. The annually elected members were always divided into groups of 50 representatives from each tribe and in this form they presided on a rotating basis for a period of 36-39 days. This period was called the “prytaneia”, during which the members had the right to free meals at the Prytaneion, where they performed their duties. About one-third of them remained there continuously, even at night, in the event that some emergency decision had to be made. Every day near sunset, the prytaneis drew lots from among themselves to choose the epistatis (supervisor), who was the supreme archon for 24 hours, as he held the state seal and the keys to the state archives.

The Prytaneion was in essence the administrative seat of the Republic of Athens because the prytaneis had full control over military, political and financial matters. They even had the right to express criticism of the newly elected officials. They received ambassadors from other cities, studied the reports of the strategoi (military leaders), assigned contracts for public works and organised the sales of property seized from penalized citizens. The weights and measures of the state were kept in the Prytaneion; another duty exercised by the prytaneis was to keep close check on the measures of weight used in the market to prevent profiteering. They also had the power to arrest dishonest tax collectors and to take judicial decisions to impose fines of up to 500 drachmas. But the most significant task of the prytaneis was to prepare the bills to be passed; first the bills went to the Boule for drafting and then to the Assembly of the Deme for final approval.

The enormous weight attached by the Athenians to the duties of the prytaneis can be seen in Socrates’ defence, in which the philosopher cited his earlier refusal to pass a death sentence, by withdrawing from the Tholos while he was serving his term as prytanis during the rule of the Thirty Tyrants. In this way, Socrates believed that he had performed an act of resistance to oppressive power, even though he knew that his punishment for refusing to perform his duty would be exemplary. He himself proposed, with a large measure of irony, that the most appropriate sentence for the charges against him would be to oblige him to eat forever in the Prytaneion, near the citizens who already enjoyed this privilege.

The Tholos with its characteristic round shape was built after 470 BC. It had a simple entrance to the east and its ceramic tiled roof was supported by six poros stone columns, the bases of three of which have been found. The floor was earthen and the thick walls were built of stone. On the north side of the building was a small room that served as a kitchen; next to it traces have been found of a makeshift roasting pit. During the Roman years, the Tholos acquired an a outer gate, the floor was paved with marble slabs and the initial pyramidal roof-with a shape that made the Athenians call the building “skias”, i.e. sunshade -was replaced by a flatter one. Whatever remains on this site today is from the Roman era.

Elections to annual offices were held by a draw, and there had to be at least two candidates for each office. The usual system was to use as many black and white pebbles as there were candidates. As the name of a citizen was drawn from one container, the vote fell into the other. White meant election, black rejection. Among the various artefacts found in the region were small square clay tiles, cut in such a way that two pieces could be put together to make one complete piece; these might be evidence of another manner of election.

Any request by a citizen for settlement of a private matter of debt to the state had to be in writing and had to be checked by three secretaries elected by the Boule. There were also secondary state officials to ensure full transparency in the handling of public funds.

Apart from being a legislative body, the Boule also had executive powers. It could decide to call an emergency meeting of Athenians to ostracise a politician who showed dictatorial tendencies. If such an action was decided upon, an open space in the Agora was enclosed on the predetermined day, leaving ten openings to be used as entrances, one for each tribe. The citizens would present themselves at the entrance corresponding to their tribe and would hand over the potsherd (ostrako) on which they had written the name of the public person they believed to be dangerous. Then they would enter the fenced area where they remained until the end of the voting. The used potsherds were considered to be worthless after they had been counted, and for this reason, many of them were found under the main road through the Agora where they had been dumped as an under layer for the dirt road.

Why seafood restaurants are slowly becoming cornerstones of the restaurant industry

New chains of eateries, or new branches of existing players of this industry, keep springing up in new urban communities, and with a broad arrangement of extension and deals, they are the new era of recognizing the way of life of sustenance and its cooking styles. When we discussion of the cooking styles that are offered by the eatery forcefully growing markets, we can no longer overlook the significance of fish eateries in this market. Albeit at first having a moderate development rate, the viability of fish eateries in driving forward the economy of the nourishment business has been gradually picking up force, to the point where it has gotten to be a standout amongst the most persuasive figures the field.

Fish eateries are turning out to be increasingly vital to the eatery business due to its developing fame with the sustenance devotees and bloggers, who have swung to the best fish dishes because of the straightforwardness that this cooking offers, notwithstanding making no trade off with the impeccableness of the flavors. The culinary experts who head the fish eateries are individuals with a genuine romance for nourishment, and a will to bring difficulties and explore different avenues regarding their formulas. The accomplishment of best fish lies in keeping the validness of the dish in place, in the meantime, exploring different avenues regarding strategies and separate going with components of the dish to compensate for a culinary affair that never neglects to make its stamp. A standout amongst the most vital components behind the accomplishment of these eateries is the eagerness to grasp their underlying foundations with regards to fish in Mumbai. These eateries work under the most favorable conditions fish by getting the freshest catch in fish, and additionally the freshest elements for whatever is left of the cooking, guaranteeing that the freshness and uprightness of the joining components is never lost on the taste buds of the clients.

Healthy Diet during Pregnancy – A Practical Pregnancy Diet Plan

Choosing the right food in pregnancy

Maximum benefits from the food can be reaped only if the right food is taken in right amounts keeping in mind the various aspects related to pregnancy. It is obvious that one will avoid allergy causing food items even if they are delicious. Including vitamins like folic acid and iron in the diet is a must as it helps in the development of the brain in the baby and preventing abnormalities like spina bifida.

Milk and dairy products in the form of skimmed milk, yoghurt, cheese are essential as these are calcium rich foods that help in the development of the bones in the fetus. Ghee, butter can be avoided as these result in unnecessary weight gain. Non pasteurized milk from the local vendors must be avoided as these may cause bacterial infections.

Cereals, whole grains, pulses must be important inclusion in the diet as they are good source of protein.

Green leafy vegetables are good sources of folic acid, vitamin and fiber beneficial for mother and the baby.

Egg, Fish, meat provides the essential amino acids, but the food must be well cooked to avoid any bacterial infection which may be harmful for the fetus.

Fresh and juicy fruits are the store house of vitamins which maintains the immune system of the expecting mother and fruit juice help in the replenishment of the fluids. Processed and canned juices must be strictly avoided.

Plenty of fluids must be taken, as constipation is a very common problem during pregnancy, due to the fetal pressure on the stomach. Moreover fluids help in preventing the cramps. Drinking water must be pure to avoid any water borne disease.

Restaurant design basics

Endeavoring to give the best regarding menu, nourishment quality and taste, administration and climate. In this article we will talk about one significant range of this business which is eatery plan and improvement. Eatery plan includes an arrangement of exercises that meet up to not just make an alluring space that draws excellent looks from benefactors additionally manufacture a range that is agreeable and charming to the supporters and additionally the staff.

There are a lot of things to consider during the time spent eatery outlining which is the reason it is a smart thought to get help as eatery counseling. Great eatery experts have significant involvement in the eatery business and access to sources that they can promptly tap to discover perfect answers for particular eateries. Eatery experts consider the entire array of components that can influence the matter of a particular eatery and after that give recommendations that would help you put your best foot forward into the business.

Going to the components that assume a powerful part in eatery plan and advancement – they are the topic, design and air. These components can collaborate in clashing courses, for instance you may be infatuated with a specific sort of design which under down to earth conditions can frustrate the effective conveyance of administrations by restricting pathways utilized by clients and staff, and making the eatery floor congested amid pinnacle hours.

Opening a restaurant…Basic restaurant Supplies and equipment

The necessity ought to be chosen before the begin of every venture. The spending will likewise be an awesome imperative. In any case, on the off chance that you have a multitude of exceedingly talented cooks and top quality kitchen gear, you will in any case have the capacity to effectively maintain your eatery business. Regardless of the possibility that the essential things have been arranged extremely well, the eatery will have more odds of improving.

For instance, icy stockpiling choices and other legitimate storerooms will be required. There ought to be adequate refrigeration limit and the coolers of choice quality. Absence of it could prompt to mass harm of nourishment that will spell immense misfortunes for you. The quantity of dinners that are served in your eatery, the sort of formulas that are readied, the aggregate pack on every day in the eatery, will decide the measure of eatery supplies.

It is likewise vital to consider the measure of space required. In the event that the inn is too little to suit all these gear, then it is ideal to purchase lesser things of high caliber. You will have no other option yet to work in a confined space, in the event that you don’t. There won’t be sufficient space for the laborers to work in.

The market is for all intents and purposes abounding with numerous remain solitary brilliant hardware that are sensibly estimated. The most vital eatery supplies incorporate broilers and stove best. Contingent upon the space accessibility in addition to the requirements, the model and the plan of stoves can be picked. Convection broilers are utilized as a part of numerous spots. The individuals who have restricted space in their kitchens can pick a broiler that goes about as both a typical stove and a convection broiler. There must likewise be adequate space for the burners and grills. Steam tables are additionally accessible in a few inns. This will keep sustenance at a hot temperature for delayed periods.

Importance of color in Restaurant Chairs and Restaurant Tables

Individuals are pulled in to eating at eateries as well as mindful about the administrations offered to them at these spots. Equipped eatery proprietors comprehend this reality well and do everything conceivable in such manner. Eatery Chairs and

Eatery tables are critical part of each eatery, bar and lodging. Every single conceivable stride are being taken to advance the appearance and standard of administrations. Building up an effective inside is very simple when beginning up this business. One can without much of a stretch contract some expert to have counsel in such manner. However with regards to long haul security and support of this standard, there are an excessive number of things which an eatery proprietor must consider. For instance, with the assistance of master architect you can plan a flawless inside to draw in and delight your clients however shouldn’t something be said about the sturdiness and upkeep prerequisites of the considerable number of things picked?

Give us a chance to examine about the determination of eatery seats and eatery tables with reference to its shading and its significance in long haul. Why shade of seats is sufficiently commendable to be examined? When you have conveyed your tables and seats, you have to keep up their appearance and tidiness on everyday schedule. Obviously a shading which is difficult to keep clean is not prescribed and ought not be utilized as a part of your furniture. For instance, if everything with respect to your inside is flawless in your eatery however the shade of every seat is white then there will unquestionably be part of issues for you. White and cream shading is clear in its appearance and requires an excess of care to be taken. Clients of all age bunches and

Top Idea for Staying Competitive in the Restaurant Industry

About portion of all grown-ups have worked in the eatery business sooner or later amid their lives, and 46 percent of eatery representatives say they might want to possess an eatery sometime in the not so distant future. Unmistakably numerous individuals long for owning an eatery. I should concede that I was one of them. I ever longed for opening an eatery and now the fantasy is working out.

My own particular eatery at last opened in May, first, 2014 after a long stretch of arrangement. In the readiness procedure, I’ve understood a hard reality that a fourth of eateries bomb inside their first year of operation. Despite the fact that the eatery business is famously hazardous, regardless i’ll attempt my best to figure out how to better get ready for accomplishment as an eatery proprietor and how to continue remaining aggressive in this industry.

Motivated by the expressions – the main nibble is with the eye, I’ve learnt that a menu says a considerable measure in regards to an eatery. So, a menu outline is an impression of eatery itself. It would help me make an underlying impression before the client has even observed any nourishment or drink on offer. So I got this top thought rapidly and chose to alter a menu without anyone else’s input. In any case, I was no thought on the best way to make an alluring menu and I didn’t know which outline programming would be the best. At that point I googled how to make a standard menu and afterward got such a large number of tips for menu making.

Seeing that I had no involvement in redoing a menu, I attempted to outline it with an online menu creator, which finally made me feel tired of the bothers of enlistment and installment. At that point I chose to look a simple and speedy application on APP Store, where I can analyze the costs, highlights, surveys, GUI and screenshots of each application lastly I found a decent and intense menu maker named Publisher Plus. To opportune meet all my own needs, I introduced it decisively.

It was no difficult to begin with its clear interface and different professionally outlined menu layouts. I can supplant the pre-set pictures in the format with my own particular photographs from iPhoto and after that resize, pivot and product them voluntarily. Some highlighted highlights like Text, Shape, Calendar and Background are obviously put on the top with the goal that I can without much of a stretch add any protest my menu. Including related clipart, outlines, covers, and so on is additionally accessible for me.

Restaurant Management – Create the Ambience to Delight the Customers

Powerful eatery administration is the way to maintain the lodging business effectively. In the retreat that the entire economy is experiencing today, the tourism business must be taken care of with most extreme care.

Eatery administration incorporates numerous things, for example, dealing with the staff, legitimate correspondence and powerful and clear execution of arrangements and techniques. The primary concern that influences the working of an eatery is the staff, which must be managed in an appropriate way. Correspondence is the way to execution of day by day exercises. So books ought to be kept up or composed records ought to be kept up for smooth correspondence. As the eatery business ordinarily works in movements for 24 hours and 7 days a week, open and clear correspondence is exceptionally essential. Every one of the exercises in a specific move has be noted down so that a man coming in the following movement must know about everything and arranged to handle any kind of question. This is the most vital capacity of eatery administration.

All the normal exercises in the eateries can be overseen suitably if appropriate utilization of assets is made and consequently they get recognized or acknowledged for the work done. This industry manages a wide range of individuals, so the stretch level is very high. Subsequently appropriate abilities are required to manage everyone in an obliging and expert way. It is essential to grant legitimate staff preparing to make full and appropriate usage of accessible assets. Additionally livens or some likeness thereof must be declared and brought into drive as this is a major spurring component in the powerful working of any association. The assets which include people and innovation ought to be gelled in the most ideal approach to convey phenomenal results. Staff administration is the most touchy range and ought to be managed thoughtfully. Additional care must be taken to guarantee them great future and security which will thusly have less turnover of HR.

Restaurant Industry Facts

Eatery industry deals are anticipated to achieve a record $426.1 billion in 2003. The eatery business utilizes more than 11.7 million individuals in 870,000 areas. Eatery industry deals are figure to progress 4.5 percent in 2003 and equivalent 4 percent of the U.S. total national output.

Eatery industry work will achieve 13.3 million by 2012. At present the eatery business is the country’s biggest boss outside of the legislature. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts the eatery business’ development will be 30 for each penny throughout the following two years. Industry experts and proprietors demonstrate that the greatest test confronting the business is finding taught, able, and very much prepared administration work force to handle this development.

Enrolling and holding representatives is the greatest test fast administration administrators anticipated that would confront in 2002, with around 33% of the overview respondents rating it their top test.

Spending on nourishment, both at home and far from home, represented 13.6 percent of aggregate normal yearly family unit consumptions in 1999, or $5,031 per family unit.

August is the most famous month to eat outFind Article, and Saturday is the most mainstream day of the week for eating out.